Cartography is more than just making maps - it's both an art and a science that involves techniques and nuances that are learned and discovered over time. The science behind cartography can be as specific as where to place a city name relative to the city point or as general as picking colors, but these are equally important elements when creating a map that is both aesthetically pleasing and informative. Maximizing the information that is displayed on a map, while not cluttering the map is usually my main goal. Maps can display information that is hard to understand in other forms such as tables or text. The map on the left (click to enlarge) was one of many created for Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa, Sixth Edition.
More Than Just a Pretty Map
Cartography is a major component of geography since much of our research involves analyzing problems from both a spatial and temporal perspective. Maps help visualize a multitude of issues across space and time. Where were Hurricane Rita winds the strongest in Lake Charles, Louisiana? Check out the map on the right to find out. Where have other hurricanes made landfall in the same region? Check out the map inset. Where is the current suitable habitat for a puma in the USA? Check out the map in the Biogeography/Conservation section. Where is the winter-time Siberian high located? Check out the second map in the Climatology section. Almost every section of this website has a map and that is not by mistake. Practically everything I do - all of my research, course work, field work, and contract work - involves displaying information visually through mapping. Check out more of my maps here - many of which are from the LSU and Louisiana hazard mitigation plans.
Thanks to innovative and rapidly evolving technologies, most people have GPS devices in the palm of their hands (i.e., smart phones) and unlimited access to free, open source phone- and web-based applications and programs. Through Google/Bing Maps, Google Earth, and Yahoo Pipes you can easily and freely use multiple map backgrounds and add your own layers to display spatial information. The adjacent Google Map shows a few major assets in Charleston, South Carolina that should be considered when planning for future hazards. The map was created in just a few minutes, but represents the increased capability that we now have for making maps on the web. Yahoo Pipes even allows users to extract a table from any website and display that information on a map. For example, if Wikipedia has a list of the 20 most populated cities in the world, then that can be mapped using Yahoo Pipes. More complex webmapping tools are also available. TileMill is based on the CartoCSS "stylesheet" language and can be used to create dynamic, interactive maps with beautiful styling. Check out an example that was created for Johnson City, TN and the East Tennessee State University campus (embedded below). Additionally, CartoDB (which uses CartoCSS) can be used to create beautiful, dynamic maps using PostGIS via the cloud. An example is embedded at the bottom of this page (and available here) showing an animation of when London's transit stations were opened categorized by rail type. ArcGIS Viewer for Flex is great for creating web mapping applications and will be used for one of my spring courses to develop a campus-wide GIS-based map for ETSU. The Open Source Geospatial Foundation is a great resource for finding other webmapping tools that include map servers, map publishing, and frameworks for dynamic webmapping.
_When referencing text or graphics from this website, please use the following citation: Timothy Andrew Joyner. 2015. www.tandrewjoyner.com. Last accessed ?/?/20??.